About Abacus


An abacus consists of a wooden frame, rods, and beads.

On the top layer there is one  bead (heaven bead) and on the bottom there are four beads (earth beads). There are thirteen to seventeen wooden poles which are very small and hold the beads in place. On the abacus you can add, subtract, multiply, and divide. Each rod represents a different place value — ones, tens, hundreds, thousands, and so on.  Each bead in the upper deck has a value of 5; each bead in the lower deck has a value of 1 in the units and in the tens rod each lower deck has a value of 10 and upper bead 50 and so on…

Addition and subtraction can easily be performed by moving beads along the rods of the abacus. As the beads represent the numbers it helps the students to understand the number concept by viewing a picture that is transformed in to a number.

The abacus training for kids is the best for the age group 4 to 12 years. It is scientifically proven that in this age group, the maximum percentage of the brain development takes place hence this age group is the best time to introduce the training to enhance the child’s brain functions.

Normally Abacus training consists of 8 levels to 10 levels depending on the courses run by the institutes. Total duration required to complete the course is 2 to 3.5 years.

How ABACUS Affects Human Brain

As we all know that the human brain is one of the most complex creations of nature, which when trained and used effectively can be better than the best computers of this day and age. From ancient times, various civilizations developed various mechanisms to train the human mind with the help of various tools and practices to make super human calculations possible. Abacus method of mental math is one such method which originated from the east and has gained a lot of prominence in many of the oriental cultures due to the proven track record and the various research which has confirmed the effectiveness of abacus training on brain development.

The brain is divided into 2 parts. The left and the right part. The left part provides analytical information and controls reading, writing, calculation, logical thinking etc and the right part controls three-dimensional sense, creativity, and artistic senses. Abacus is a simple tool which is used in these calculations, which with regular practice helps the students to visualize the image of the tool using the right brain and help do complicated calculations using the left brain. It helps convert numbers to images in the right part of brain leading to faster recall, improved memory & increased concentration of the child.

Due to such proven brain development benefits of abacus, in many Asian countries abacus programme is taught as part of mathematics curriculum at primary schools .While other students struggle with tedious math calculations on paper, Abacus  students are mentally calculating and finishing homework, tests, and assignments earlier and with more accuracy.   Abacus mental math training has the longest records of success for early math mastery that leads to a sustained positive attitude and a greater level of self-confidence throughout life.  It is also easy to learn, cost effective, and research proves it enhances many different areas of the brain.  Apart from Mathematics. Abacus enables the child to acquire the skills of concentration, listening, speed, accuracy imagination, innovation, creativity, comprehension photographic memory and problem solving capacity.  There by enhancing the child’s overall learning ability.

Calculations on Abacus

Super Fast Calculations

Mental Practice on Abacus

Parents and Abacus